Canada has a number of research reactors across the country. These reactors, much smaller than the ones used in nuclear power plants, are used to various ends, including scientific research, non-destructive testing and the production of radioactive substances for medical, industrial and scientific uses.
Nuclear research reactors are classified as Class I nuclear facilities. The licensees operating these facilities include universities, private corporations, and government agencies. The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) regulates all stages of the life of each research reactors in Canada, from the environmental assessment required before construction, to the decommissioning of the facility once operations are ended.
- Chalk River Laboratories (Ontario)
- McMaster Nuclear Reactor (Ontario)
- École Polytechnique (SLOWPOKE-2) (Quebec)
- Saskatchewan Research Council (SLOWPOKE-2)
- University of Alberta (SLOWPOKE-2)
- Royal Military College of Canada (SLOWPOKE-2) (Ontario)
At each stage, the CNSC determines whether the licence applicant is qualified and has taken the required measures to protect the environment, safeguard human health and safety, and ensure that national security is maintained.
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