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Linda J. Keen

(2001 - 2008)


Linda J. Keen is appointed CNSC President Linda J. Keen is appointed President of the CNSC. She serves in this role until January 15, 2008 and as a Commission Tribunal member until September 23, 2008. She was previously Assistant Deputy Minister of the Minerals and Metals Sector with Natural Resources Canada and a Director General at Industry Canada.


The CNSC implements the Contaminated Lands Evaluation and Assessment program The program aims to develop and apply consistent and transparent CNSC regulatory control to sites where nuclear substances exceed the exemption quantities specified in the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations. The Commission Tribunal grants temporary exemptions from licensing for all identified contaminated sites until the appropriate regulatory control for those sites is determined.


The CNSC adopts a new framework for international undertakings The CNSC establishes and begins to implement a framework to manage and monitor international undertakings. The framework will help ensure that international undertakings and activities correspond to the CNSC mandate, and are prioritized and performed effectively and efficiently.


The CNSC takes on enhanced power to protect the environment With the Nuclear Safety and Control Act coming into force, the CNSC assumes enhanced regulatory power to protect the environment. A key step in enhancing environmental protection is to establish a firm regulatory foundation. The Protection of the Environment policy is finalized in February 2001 to clarify the CNSC’s expectations of licensees.


Nuclear reactor facilities enhance security The Commission Tribunal issues an emergency order to all nuclear reactor facilities to increase their security in light of terrorist attacks. Major nuclear facilities are immediately instructed by the CNSC to initiate enhanced security measures at their sites including perimeter security and armed guards. The Nuclear Security Regulations are subsequently enacted in 2003.


The CNSC President is elected to presidency of the International Nuclear Regulators Association CNSC President Linda J. Keen is elected President of the International Nuclear Regulators Association (INRA). The purpose of the INRA is to influence and enhance nuclear safety among its members and worldwide. The association is made up of senior officials of nuclear regulatory authorities from Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.


The CNSC delivers its first report on spent fuel management The CNSC submits its first national report to the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management. Canadian spent fuel and radioactive waste activities not only meet the requirements of the Joint Convention but are also commended by contracting parties. Canada’s participation contributes to the safe management of global spent fuel and radioactive waste.


CNSC President is appointed to the U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Task Force The task force investigates causes of the August 14 blackout and makes recommendations for preventing similar situations in the future.


The CNSC initiates the Power Regulation Improvement Program The program is created to deliver the best possible performance for licensees and the public. It examines and improves all relevant aspects of the regulation program, from planning and problem solving to communication and management methods. Its goal is to facilitate the CNSC’s management of the risk to public health, safety, security and the environment arising from the operation of nuclear power reactors in Canada.

Third Review Meeting

CNSC President leads the Convention on Nuclear Safety meeting Linda J. Keen is elected to lead the Third Review Meeting of the Convention on Nuclear Safety. During the 11-day meeting, she travelled to the headquarters of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria. Every three years, IAEA members meet to review reports submitted under the convention by contracting parties, as well as the subjects discussed therein. Of the 56 contracting parties, 51 attended in 2005. With India finally depositing its instrument of ratification, all states with nuclear power plants were parties to the convention. (Source: IAEA)


The CNSC contributes to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism The CNSC contributes to the development of the Canadian government position for the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. The CNSC is responsible for the implementation of these Conventions in Canada.


The IAEA delivers its verdict to Canada on safeguards The International Atomic Energy Agency reaches a safeguards conclusion for Canada. It considers that all declared nuclear material in Canada is for peaceful, non-explosive uses. The agency also concludes that Canada is compliant with a new requirement in the IAEA’s policy on safeguards: that there is no undeclared nuclear material or activity in Canada.

Parliament Flag

Canada becomes the first G8 country to register and track high-risk sealed sources. The CNSC implements the National Sealed Source Registry and online Sealed Source Tracking System. As a result, Canada becomes the first G8 country with such robust registration and tracking controls for high-risk sealed sources. Together, the registry and the tracking system assure the global community of safe, secure international transfers of these sources.

Tritium Studies Report

The Tritium Studies Project begins The CNSC initiates the Tritium Studies Project, which involves studies on tritium releases in Canada and international best practices of tritium processing facilities. This research includes a series of seven reports, to be completed by the end 2010, and an analysis of regulatory practices.

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