CNSC expectations for resolution hydrogen related safety issues
Abstract of the technical paper presented at:
31st Conference of the Canadian Nuclear Society (CNS)
Montréal, Québec, Canada
May 24-27, 2010
Magda Rizk, Alexandre Viktorov
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The TMI and Chernobyl severe accidents of 1979 and 1986 demonstrated the containment crucial role in preventing radioactive releases and highlighted the hydrogen combustion safety challenges.
The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) issued the containment regulatory document R-7 and initiated Generic Action Item GAI 88G02 to resolve the hydrogen challenges, following the R-7 approach.
In the early 2000s, the IAEA issued in response its NS-R-1 nuclear power plant (NPP) design standard. Many countries followed suit. They established rules to protect the containment and installed passive autocatalytic recombiners (PAR) to reduce the hydrogen risk.
In 2002, the CNSC started updating its documents based on the IAEA standards. Because the R-7 design basis rules could not be fully met by current NPP, the CNSC decided to use the new RD-337 NPP design document to address the hydrogen risk.
In this paper, we describe the current CNSC expectations for reducing the hydrogen risk in new, operating and refurbished NPPs over the full spectrum of accidents including severe accidents for adequate containment protection.
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