Import and Export Controls
The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is the federal authority that regulates the import and export of nuclear substances, prescribed equipment and prescribed information (technology).
Licences are required for:
- import and export of nuclear and dual-use material, equipment and technology
- export of risk-significant radioactive sources.
Nuclear and Nuclear-Related Dual-Use Items
The CNSC implements a licensing and compliance process to ensure nuclear imports and exports conform to Canada’s nuclear non-proliferation policy, international obligations and commitments, and regulatory requirements, under which controlled nuclear substances, material, equipment and technology transferred between Canada and other countries are to be used in only peaceful, non-explosive applications.
Under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Import and Export Control Regulations, Canadian importers and exporters must obtain and comply with licences controlling the international transfer of nuclear and nuclear-related items.
Risk-Significant Radioactive Sources
To export risk-significant radioactive sources (IAEA Category 1 and 2 described in Table I below), Canadian exporters must obtain a transaction specific export licence. The issuance of the licence is consistent with the provisions of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources (the Code) and its supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources (the Guidance) for import and export controls for risk-significant radioactive sources. Licence applications to export Category 1 radioactive sources from Canada are subject to prior consent by the Importing State Authority.
- Application for a Licence to Export Risk-Significant Radioactive Sources (PDF)
- Instructions for Completing an Application for a Licence to Export Risk-Significant Radioactive Sources
The CNSC import and export controls for risk-significant radioactive sources assist in providing assurances to Canadians and the international community that international transfers of such sources are consistent with provisions of the IAEA Code and Guidance and that their use is solely for beneficial and peaceful purposes. Control of the Export and Import of Risk‑Significant Radioactive Sources (INFO-0791), provides additional information on the CNSC’s regulatory control program for the export and import of risk-significant radioactive sources.
|Nuclear Substance||Category 1(TBq)||Category 2(TBq)|
|Strontium 90 (Yttrium 90)||
A separate licence to import risk-significant radioactive sources is not required provided that the Canadian licensee is authorized to import and possess such sources under their general possession and use licence. Importation of risk-significant radioactive sources may not occur without this general authorization.
All imports of Category 1 radioactive sources into Canada are subject to CNSC prior import consent. In addition, all imports of Category 1 and 2 radioactive sources require Prior Shipment Notifications to be issued by the Exporting Facility or the Exporting State Authority.
Links to Web sites not under the control of CNSC are provided solely for the convenience of users. CNSC is not responsible for the accuracy, currency or the reliability of the content of those sites. CNSC offers no guarantee in that regard and is not responsible for the information found through these links, nor does it endorse the sites or their content.
Users should be aware that information offered by non-Government of Canada sites, to which the Official Languages Act and certain other requirements may not apply, may be available only in the language(s) used by the sites in question.
Need more information?
Questions may be directed to:
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
280 Slater Street
P.O. Box 1046, Station B
Ottawa, ON K1P 5S9